Plants found in this region include free floating algae (often called seaweed), such as kelp or sargassum (Fig. 5), and microscopic photosynthetic organisms called phytoplankton (Fig. 6).

What types of plants live in the open ocean?

There are five types of ocean plants: phytoplankton, red algae, kelp, seagrass, and sargassum. These sea plants fall into three groups: euphotic (sunlight), disphotic (twilight), and aphotic (midnight). Which group they are in is dependent on how much sunlight they need to survive and grow.

What plants and animals live in the open ocean zone?

There are thousands of animals that roam this zone, including dolphins, most sharks, jellyfish, tuna and corals. Seaweed is a common plant in the epipelagic zone, along with various algae and phytoplankton.

What lives in the oceanic zone?

Animals such as fish, whales, and sharks are found in the oceanic zone.

Do fish live in open ocean?

True residents live their entire life in the open ocean. Only a few species are true residents, such as tuna, billfish, flying fish, sauries, pilotfish, remoras, dolphinfish, ocean sharks, and ocean sunfish. Most of these species migrate back and forth across open oceans, rarely venturing over continental shelves.

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