Paranthropus refers to a genus name often applied to robust fossil hominids first found in South Africa in 1938 while Australopithecus refers to a fossil bipedal primate with both ape-like and human characteristics, found in Pliocene and Lower Pleistocene deposits ( c. 4 million to 1 million years old) in Africa.

Did Paranthropus come from Australopithecus?

Paranthropus had spread into South Africa by 2 mya with the earliest P. robustus remains. It is sometimes suggested that Paranthropus and Homo are sister taxa, both evolving from Australopithecus.

How do crania and dentition of Paranthropus differ from Australopithecus?

The key difference between Paranthropus and Australopithecus is, Paranthropus had larger braincase (cranium) than the Australopithecus while Australopithecus braincase (cranium) was smaller than Paranthropus as well as the Homo genus.

What is the difference between australopithecines and Australopithecus?

Their canine teeth were smaller than those found in apes, and their cheek teeth were larger than those of modern humans. The general term australopith (or australopithecine) is used informally to refer to members of the genus Australopithecus.

What are the differences between the gracile and robust Paranthropus australopithecines?

The main difference between gracile and robust is that gracile species had smaller cheek teeth, pronounced prognathism, less flared cheeks, and no sagittal crest, but robust species had enormous cheek teeth, robust jaws and massive jaw muscles, sometimes anchored to a bony crest running along the top of the skull.

What is unique about Paranthropus?

Unique features of the skull included particularly large premolar and molar teeth and a robust or strongly built lower jaw, so Broom announced it as a new species Paranthropus robustus. The first Paranthropus discovery in east Africa was made in 1959 by Mary Leakey.

Is Australopithecus robustus the same as Paranthropus robustus?

Discovered in 1938, it was among the first early hominins described, and became the type species for the genus Paranthropus. However, it has been argued by some that Paranthropus is an invalid grouping and synonymous with Australopithecus, so the species is also often classified as Australopithecus robustus.

What are the characteristics of Australopithecus?

Australopithecines (plural of Australopithecus) were short and stocky with apelike features such as long arms, thick waistlines and chimpanzee-like faces. They had short and stocky apelike bodies, and brains closer in size to a chimpanzee than a modern human. Males were about 1.37 meters tall and females 1.14 meters.

What is the most important difference between Australopithecus afarensis and the modern apes?

What is the most important difference between Australopithecus afarensis and the modern apes? Australopithecus afarensis was bipedal.

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