They are easily identifiable by the 5 lobes (looks sort of like fingers on a hand), with 3 large lobes in the middle and 2 smaller lobes on the outer most part of the leaf. The leaves have many pointed edges that curve in and outward along the lobes. They will be from 3-5 inches long on a mature maple.

How can you tell if a maple tree is hard or soft?

Look at the end grains – Hard maple tends to have a lighter, more uniformed color while soft maple tends to be darker and includes red, brown, or gray streaks. Also, inspect the spacing between the growth rings. Hard maple tends to have growth rings more closely together due to its longer growing cycles.

What is considered a hard maple?

“Hard maple” is the common term for two species of maple trees: Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) and Black Maple (Acer nigrum). Hard maple is commonly used in the manufacture of flooring, furniture, cabinets, billiard cues and other finished wood products.

What is the hardest maple?

sugar maple

Both hard maple and soft maple are harvested from dicot trees, so both types are technically hardwoods. Hard maple, or sugar maple, is the most durable of the maple species with a janka value of 1,450, which makes it one of the hardest domestic woods used in furniture making.

Is a red maple a hard maple?

In the lumber industry, red maple is known as soft maple. Higher-quality grades of the timber may be used as a substitute for “hard maple,” which comes from Acer nigrum and Acer saccharum, especially in furniture.

Is a silver maple a hard maple?

Silver maple is soft compared to sugar (hard) maple, but that isn’t saying much. Compared to sugar (hard) maple, cherry and walnut are softwoods too. But, cherry and walnut are great woods and the fact that they are not rock hard makes them even better.

What color is hard maple?

Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown.

How do you identify a rock maple?


Quote from video: But believes also provide powerful evidence. If the space between leaf Lopes is serrated and in a v-shape the trees a red maple if smooth and in the u-shape. It's a sugar maple.

Where does hard maple grow?

eastern North America

sugar maple, (Acer saccharum), also called hard maple or rock maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree.

Is hard maple expensive?

Hard maple is slightly more expensive than soft maple. Expect to pay anywhere from $8 to $12 per board foot, depending on the board width and grade. For highly figured variations like bird’s eye maple or quilted maple, prices go up to $20 to $30 per board foot.

Which is harder maple or poplar?

The difference between poplar and maple is most noticeable in their strength. Maple wood is much stronger than Poplar wood.

Which is harder maple or oak?

Maple is among the harder wood species, with a 1450 rating on the Janka wood hardness chart. As one of the densest wood species, Maple is ideal for high-traffic areas. Oak is slightly less hard – White Oak has a 1360 rating and Red Oak a 1290 rating.

Is sugar maple the same as hard maple?

Hard maple is also known as rock maple or sugar maple, (this is the same tree which is tapped to get maple syrup). Besides this one species of maple, the only other species that are sometimes considered in the grouping of hard maple in the United States are black maple (Acer nigrum) and Florida maple (Acer floridanum).

Should I remove silver maple?

Mature maples should be pruned every five years to reduce branch burden and remove squirrel kills. This keeps the trees health and able to resist Denver’s wind and snow storms. A large silver maple tree with wood rot should be removed because it is a hazard.

Is silver maple wood valuable?

How to Tell the Difference Between Hard Maple & Soft Maple …

What does soft maple tree look like?

While Soft Maple is typically darker, sometimes carrying hues of brown, red, or even grey. Look at the leaves. If the tree is still standing and yet to be harvested, take a look at its leaves. Hard Maple leaves have sinuses which are U-shaped valleys between the points of the lead, also referred to as lobes.

What does soft maple look like?

Soft maple will turn a translucent blue-black color. On hard maple, the surface turns greenish gray.

What’s the difference between a sugar maple and a hard maple?

Hard maple is also known as rock maple or sugar maple, (this is the same tree which is tapped to get maple syrup). Besides this one species of maple, the only other species that are sometimes considered in the grouping of hard maple in the United States are black maple (Acer nigrum) and Florida maple (Acer floridanum).

What does soft maple lumber look like?

Soft maple is very similar to hard maple in most respects. Generally, the sapwood is greyish-white, sometimes with darker-colored pith flecks. The heartwood varies from light-to-dark reddish brown. The wood is usually straight-grained.

What color is hard maple?

Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown.

Is maple wood valuable?

Soft maple is not used in flooring or cabinets much. Therefore, it doesn’t sell for as much. Generally, we apply about 25 to 35 cents. As stated above, sugar or hard maple is more valuable selling for ten to eighty cents per board foot, depending on current markets and the quality.